Document Detail


Improved strength of early versus late supraspinatus tendon repair: a study in the rabbit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22217642     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
HYPOTHESIS: The optimal timing for surgical repair of the supraspinatus (SSP) tendon after full-substance tear has not been established. The objectives of this prospective investigation of SSP tendon repair delayed by 1, 2, or 3 months followed by a 3-month postoperative course were to (1) determine the site of failure, (2) measure the tensile strength and stiffness, and (3) assess the ability of computed tomography to predict mechanical strength. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We transected 1 SSP tendon in 36 rabbits and then repaired it with transosseous sutures after a delay of 1, 2, or 3 months. We compared the results with 36 intact shoulders from 18 age-matched control rabbits. RESULTS: Experimental specimens failed at the tendon (n = 26) more often than at the enthesis (n = 10) (P < .05). The mean peak loads to failure 3 months after repair delayed by 1 month and delayed by 2 months were significantly greater than their respective control values (P < .05 for both); there was no difference after a delay of 3 months. There was no association between the presence of hypoattenuation on computed tomography and repair strength (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate better mechanical results with earlier repair (1 or 2 months) after SSP tendon than after a delay of 3 months. Early surgical repair may lower the risk of tendon retear.
Authors:
Guy Trudel; Nanthan Ramachandran; Stephen E Ryan; Kawan Rakhra; Hans K Uhthoff
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.]     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-6500     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206499     Medline TA:  J Shoulder Elbow Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Bone and Joint Laboratory, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
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