Document Detail

Improved oxygenation and lung compliance with prone positioning of neonates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  36449     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Fourteen intubated infants recovering from neonatal respiratory disease had arterial blood gases and lung mechanics measured in the supine position and in two variants of the prone position. Prone positioning resulted in significant increases in mean (+/- SEM) arterial oxygen tension (Pa(o2 70.4 +/- 2.5 to 81.1 +/- 4.4mm Hg), dynamic lung compliance (1.7 +/- 0.24 to 2.55 +/- 0.37 ml/cm H2O),and tidal volume (8.6 +/- 1.0 to 10.5 +/- 1.2 ml) when all prone values were compared to supine values. Prone positioning with the abdomen protruding freely, when compared to all supine values, was associated with significantly increased dynamic lung compliance and tidal volume. Values for prone-abdomen free were not significantly different from values for prone-abdomen restricted. This suggests that there are clinical benefits from prone positioning in neonates recovering from respiratory disease.
M J Wagaman; J G Shutack; A S Moomjian; J G Schwartz; T H Shaffer; W W Fox
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pediatrics     Volume:  94     ISSN:  0022-3476     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  1979 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-08-16     Completed Date:  1979-08-16     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375410     Medline TA:  J Pediatr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  787-91     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Acid-Base Equilibrium
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases / physiopathology*
Lung Compliance*
Lung Diseases / physiopathology*
Oxygen / blood*
Tidal Volume
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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