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Improved early postoperative outcome for extracardiac Fontan operation without cardiopulmonary bypass: a single-centre experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23111560     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: The use of modified extracardiac Fontan operation (ECFO) for total cavo-pulmonary connection allows cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) to be avoided and seems to improve early postoperative results. We evaluated our experience with the off-pump technique for ECFO. METHODS: Since 2009, the last 17 consecutive patients of 137 (median age 3.2 years, median weight 14.5 kg) in whom no intracardiac surgery was necessary underwent ECFO without CPB. The non-fenestrated graft was connected end-to-side to the pulmonary artery without bypass; subsequently temporary passive inferior vena cava (IVC)-to-atrial bypass was used for the anastomosis between IVC and graft. The perioperative and postoperative course was compared between consecutive paediatric patients operated on using the CPB vs off-pump technique. RESULTS: There was no mortality in the off-pump group, with a total early mortality of 3.0%. Overall operation time for the Fontan operation using the off-pump technique was significantly reduced (160 vs 200 min, P < 0.001). The median Fontan pressure 24 and 48 h postoperatively was significantly lower in the off-pump group (P = 0.002/0.042). Duration of mechanical ventilation (9 vs 14 h, P = 0.016), pleural effusions (4 vs 8 days, P < 0.001) as well as the median intensive care unit (2 vs 4 days, P = 0.013) and hospital stay (median 10 vs 15 days, P < 0.001) was significantly shorter in patients who underwent the off-pump Fontan operation. The necessity of blood transfusions was significantly reduced with the off-pump in comparison with the on-pump technique (14 of 17 vs 34 of 84 patients, P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: The ECFO without CPB is an established low-risk surgical procedure that improves the early postoperative course and significantly reduces the use of blood products and the duration of pleural effusions in selected patients.
Authors:
Stanislav Ovroutski; Christian Sohn; Oliver Miera; Björn Peters; Vladimir Alexi-Meskishvili; Roland Hetzer; Felix Berger; Michael Hübler
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-734X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Congenital Heart Diseases, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin (German Heart Institute Berlin), Berlin, Germany.
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