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Improved diagnostic accuracy by using secondary ultrasound markers in the first-trimester screening for trisomies 21, 18 and 13 and Turner syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22570267     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a combination of parameters at first-trimester screening for fetal aneuploidies, including ultrasound assessment of the nasal bone (NB), blood flow in the ductus venosus (DV) and flow across the tricuspid valve. METHODS: Screening for aneuploidy was carried out in 4172 singleton pregnancies between January 2006 and December 2010. Diagnostic accuracy of combined screening [inclusive of maternal age, fetal nuchal translucency (NT) thickness and maternal serum free beta-human chorionic gonadotropin and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A] and of secondary ultrasound markers [NB, tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and Doppler studies of the DV] obtained at the same visit was assessed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. RESULTS: The individual areas under the ROC curves of NT, NB, DV or TR ranged between 0.7 and 0.8, representing acceptable discrimination. The area under the ROC curve of combined first-trimester screening was 0.87, whereas the addition of secondary ultrasound markers increased the area under the curve to 0.92, which represents excellent discrimination. At a risk cutoff of 1 : 275, the detection rate for aneuploidy increased from 87% to 92% (z statistic = 1.78, P = 0.076), and the false positive rate decreased from 5.3% to 4.8%. CONCLUSION: The addition of secondary ultrasound markers (NB, DV and TR) to combined first-trimester screening showed a tendency toward improved accuracy of the screening. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Authors:
Natasa Karadzov-Orlic; Amira Egic; Zagorka Milovanovic; Maja Marinkovic; Barbara Damnjanovic-Pazin; Relja Lukic; Ivana Joksic; Aleksandar Curkovic; Zeljko Mikovic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prenatal diagnosis     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-0223     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8106540     Medline TA:  Prenat Diagn     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-6     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Affiliation:
Obstetric/Gynecology Clinic 'Narodni Front', University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia. orlicmail@yahoo.com.
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