Document Detail

Importance of upper airway airflow in the ventilatory depression of laryngeal origin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6622097     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Flows of air through the upper airway depress ventilation, particularly in newborns. This reflex response can be due to changes in upper airway pressure and/or upper airway airflow. In order to investigate the separate role of these two factors, we have studied four adult cats and three newborn kittens anaesthetized with pentobarbital. The animals were spontaneously breathing through a tracheostomy placed low in the neck. A second cannula located just below the larynx could be connected to a steady airflow source or to a pressurized jar. During the delivery of upper airway airflows, tidal volume, frequency and ventilation were decreased. When static pressures of values similar to those measured during the delivery of the airflows were applied, no depression of the ventilatory parameters was observed. We conclude that dynamic flow dependent factors are required for the ventilatory inhibition originating from the upper airways.
J P Mortola; S Al-Shway; A Noworaj
Related Documents :
16287427 - What role do adrenoreceptor polymorphisms play in modifying cardiovascular responses in...
11552867 - The use of a pressure manometer enhances student physiotherapists' performance during m...
2361917 - Influence of passive changes of lung volume on upper airways.
7265397 - The esophageal obturator airway. a critique.
2864857 - Nifedipine in combination therapy for chronic hypertension. a review.
2118837 - Acute respiratory acidosis decreases left ventricular contractility but increases cardi...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric research     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0031-3998     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Res.     Publication Date:  1983 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-11-23     Completed Date:  1983-11-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0100714     Medline TA:  Pediatr Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  550-2     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Animals, Newborn / physiology
Larynx / physiology*
Pulmonary Ventilation*
Tidal Volume

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Deficient fumarylacetoacetate fumarylhydrolase activity in lymphocytes and fibroblasts from patients...
Next Document:  The effect of high or low oxygen affinity red cells on tissue oxygenation and myocardial function in...