Document Detail

Importance of surface geologic condition in regulating As concentration of groundwater in the alluvial plain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19699509     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The arsenic (As) concentrations in the groundwater of alluvial plains generally show high spatial variability. We geochemically explore the factors causing the spatial variability in an alluvial plain that is mainly used for rice cultivation, the commonest land-use pattern in alluvial plains of Asia. We investigate the chemical processes, sources of chemicals that affect the behavior of As, and their relationships with the geologic conditions at seven multilevel sampler sites. All sites showed As concentrations that increased with depth at shallow levels and decreased at greater depths, which is the typical vertical pattern in alluvial aquifers where Fe-(hydr)oxide reduction is the major As release mechanism. Data show that NO(3) and SO(4) originating from the land surface play important roles in suppressing the increase in As concentration by buffering the redox potential at shallow depths and by precipitating As with sulfide minerals at deep depths, respectively. The As concentration in the intermediate depth range was also low in the presence of SO(4), because its reduction can occur together with Fe-(hydr)oxide reduction in a wide range of redox potentials. As a result, the maximum As concentrations at the sites where the land was covered with a thick silt layer (approximately 5m) were 3- to 5-times higher than those at other sites due to the supply of NO(3) and SO(4) from land surface being largely limited by the silt layer. This indicates that the surface geology could be an important indicator for the As concentration in alluvial groundwater.
Kangjoo Kim; Jeung-Tae Moon; Seok-Hwi Kim; Kyung-Seok Ko
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-08-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemosphere     Volume:  77     ISSN:  1879-1298     ISO Abbreviation:  Chemosphere     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-28     Completed Date:  2010-01-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0320657     Medline TA:  Chemosphere     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  478-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Environmental Engineering, Kunsan National University, Jeonbuk 573-701, Republic of Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Arsenic / analysis*
Environmental Monitoring
Ferric Compounds / chemistry
Fresh Water / chemistry*
Nitrates / chemistry
Sulfates / chemistry
Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ferric Compounds; 0/Nitrates; 0/Sulfates; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical; 1309-37-1/ferric oxide; 7440-38-2/Arsenic

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