Document Detail

Importance of Tachycardia Cycle Length for Differentiating Typical Atrial Flutter from Scar-Related in Adult Congenital Heart Disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22897504     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for intraatrial reentrant tachycardia (IART) in congenital heart disease (CHD) remains difficult. Methods: Thirty-four consecutive adult patients (age, 37.6 ± 12.8 years; male, 21) with previously repaired CHD and IART underwent an electrophysiological study and RFCA. CHD included atrial septal defect (ASD, n = 14), tetralogy of Fallot (n = 11), ventricular septal defect (n = 4), pulmonary atresia (n = 2), atrioventricular septal defect (n = 1), transposition of the great arteries (n = 1), and double-outlet right ventricle (n = 1). Results: Duration of CHD repair to IART onset was 19.1 ± 8.5 years. Thirty and four patients had single- and double-loop reentrant tachycardia, respectively. Among the total of 38 IARTs, which were mapped, 22 (57.9%) and 13 (34.2%) IARTs were cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI)-dependent atrial flutter (AFL) and scar-related AFL, respectively. Typical AFL electrocardiography findings including definite sawtooth appearance in inferior leads and positive F wave in lead V1 were observed in only 12 of 21 patients (57.1%) with CTI-dependent AFL. CTI-dependent AFL had a significantly longer tachycardia cycle length (TCL) than scar-related AFL (267.6 ± 34.4 ms and 235.9 ± 37.0 ms, respectively; P = 0.031). TCL > 250 ms had 79% sensitivity as the cutoff value for differentiating CTI-dependent from scar-related AFL. The acute success rates of RFCA in CTI-dependent and scar-related AFLs were 85.7% and 90.0%, respectively. The recurrence rates in CTI-dependent and scar-related AFLs were 11.1% and 11.1%, respectively, during a follow-up of 21.2 ± 28.3 months. Conclusions: CTI-dependent AFL was the most common IART in adult patients with repaired CHD and was easily manageable by RFCA. TCL might help to differentiate CTI-dependent AFL from other IARTs. (PACE 2012;XX:1-10).
Jae-Sun Uhm; Hee-Sun Mun; Jin Wi; Jaemin Shim; Hye Jin Hwang; Jung-Hoon Sung; Jong-Youn Kim; Hui-Nam Pak; Moon-Hyoung Lee; Boyoung Joung
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8159     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
©2012, The Authors. Journal compilation ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Bundang CHA Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, South Korea.
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