Document Detail


Implications of food insecurity on global health policy and nursing practice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20738738     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The purpose is to discuss the concept of food insecurity (FI) and its impact on current global health policy and nursing practice.
ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: Food insecurity.
METHODS: Literature review.
FINDINGS: FI means a nonsustainable food system that interferes with optimal self-reliance and social justice. Individuals experiencing FI lack nutritionally adequate and safe foods in their diet. Resources play a significant role in FI by affecting whether or not people obtain culturally, socially acceptable food through regular marketplace sources as opposed to severe coping strategies, such as emergency food sources, scavenging, and stealing. Persons who are living in poverty, female heads of household, single parents, people living with many siblings, landless people, migrants, immigrants, and those living in certain geographical regions constitute populations at risk and most vulnerable to FI.
CONCLUSIONS: FI influences economics through annual losses of gross domestic product due to reduced human productivity. FI affects individuals and households and is largely an unobservable condition, making data collection and analysis challenging. Policy and research have focused on macronutrient sufficiency and deprivation, making it difficult to draw attention and research dollars to FI.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Persons experiencing FI exhibit clinical signs such as less healthy diets, poor health status, poor diabetes and chronic disease management, and impaired cognitive function. Nurses can recognize the physical, psychosocial, and personal consequences that those with FI face and manage daily.
Authors:
Claudia M Kregg-Byers; Elizabeth A Schlenk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nursing scholarship : an official publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing / Sigma Theta Tau     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1547-5069     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nurs Scholarsh     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-26     Completed Date:  2010-12-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100911591     Medline TA:  J Nurs Scholarsh     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  278-85     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Affiliation:
Eta, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. clk30@pitt.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological
Developed Countries
Developing Countries
Food Supply* / statistics & numerical data
Health Policy*
Humans
Nurse's Role*
Nutrition Assessment
Poverty
Social Justice
Starvation / epidemiology,  etiology,  prevention & control
Vulnerable Populations
World Health*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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