Document Detail

Implementation of a nation-wide automated auditory brainstem response hearing screening programme in neonatal intensive care units.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12725549     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: As part of a future national neonatal hearing screening programme in The Netherlands, automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) hearing screening was implemented in seven neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The objective was to evaluate key outcomes of this programme: participation rate, first stage success rate, pass/referral rates, rescreening compliance, diagnostic referral rates, age of first diagnostic evaluation and prevalence of congenital hearing loss (CHL). METHODS: This prospective cohort study collected data on 2513 survivors. NICU graduates with one or more risk factors according to the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing were included in a two-stage AABR hearing screening programme. Conventional ABR was used to establish a diagnosis of CHL. RESULTS: A total of 2513 newborns enrolled in the programme with a median gestational age of 31.6 (range 24-43) wk and a median birthweight of 1450 (range 510-4820) g. In 25 (1%) cases parents refused screening. Four out of 2513 newborns were initially lost; 2484 newborns have been tested initially. A final 98% participation rate (2465/2513) was obtained for the whole programme. After a median postmenstrual age at the first test of 33.7 (range 27-54) wk, a pass rate of 2284/2484 (92%) resulted at the first stage. The rescreening compliance after the first test was 92% (184/200). A referral rate for diagnostic ABR of 3.1% (77/2484) resulted. Of the 77 referrals 14 (18.2%) had normal screening thresholds, 15 (19.5%) had unilateral CHL and 48 (62.3%) had bilateral CHL. The prevalence of unilateral CHL was 0.6% (15/2484) and of bilateral CHL 1.9% (48/2484). CONCLUSION: A financially supported two-stage AABR hearing screening programme can be successfully incorporated in NICU centres and detects a high prevalence of CHL in NICU graduates. Neonatal hearing screening should be part of standard clinical practice in all NICU infants.
H L M van Straaten; E T M Hille; J H Kok; P H Verkerk;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  92     ISSN:  0803-5253     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  2003  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-05-02     Completed Date:  2003-08-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  Norway    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  332-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neonatology, Isala Clinics, location Sophia, Zwolle, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Cohort Studies
Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem / physiology*
Hearing Disorders / congenital,  diagnosis*,  physiopathology*
Infant, Newborn
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal / statistics & numerical data*
National Health Programs / statistics & numerical data*
Neonatal Screening / methods*
Outcome Assessment (Health Care) / statistics & numerical data
Patient Participation / statistics & numerical data
Program Evaluation / statistics & numerical data*
Prospective Studies
Referral and Consultation / statistics & numerical data
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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