Document Detail

Implementation intentions and prospective memory among older adults: An investigation of the role of frontal lobe function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22032198     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
ABSTRACT Prospective memory (PM) among older adults has been shown to be influenced by frontal lobe (FL) function. An implementation intention (e.g., 'if situation X occurs, I will do Y') is a mnemonic strategy that may be particularly beneficial for individuals with low-FL function, as it has been suggested that implementation intentions produce heightened accessibility to environmental cues, and automatic triggering of previously formed intentions. The present study investigated the effectiveness of implementation intentions among 32 older adults characterized as possessing high- or low-FL function. Participants were placed into one of two conditions: Read-Only or Implementation Intentions, before being tested on a laboratory prospective memory task. Results indicated that older adults with high-FL composite scores demonstrated better PM than those with low-FL scores, and that those who made implementation intentions outperformed those who simply read task instructions. Of particular interest is the finding that high-FL participants benefited from implementation intentions, suggesting that implementation intentions may improve PM of all older adults regardless of FL function. Theoretical underpinnings of implementation intentions are discussed in the context of FL function.
Craig P McFarland; Elizabeth L Glisky
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section B, Aging, neuropsychology and cognition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1744-4128     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9614434     Medline TA:  Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
a Department of Psychology , University of Arizona , Tucson , AZ , USA.
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