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Implantation of osteogenic differentiated donor mesenchymal stem cells causes recruitment of host cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23038663     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The interaction between host and donor cells is believed to play an important role in osteogenesis. However, it is still unclear how donor osteogenic cells behave and interact with host cells in vivo. The purpose of this study was to track the interactions between transplanted osteogenic cells and host cells during osteogenesis. In vitro migration assay was carried out to investigate the ability of osteogenic differentiated human mesenchymal stem cells (O-hMSCs) to recruit MSCs. At the in vivo level, O-hMSCs were implanted subcutaneously or into skull defects in severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice. New bone formation was observed by micro-CT and histological procedures. In situ hybridization (ISH) against human Alu sequences was performed to distinguish donor osteogenic cells from host cells. In vitro migration assay revealed an increased migration potential of MSCs by co-culturing with O-hMSCs. In agreement with the results of in vitro studies, ISH against human Alu sequences showed that host mouse MSCs migrated in large numbers into the transplantation site in response to O-hMSCs. Interestingly, host cells recruited by O-hMSCs were the major cell populations in newly formed bone tissues, indicating that O-hMSCs can trigger and initiate osteogenesis when transplanted in orthotopic sites. The observations from this study demonstrated that in vitro induced O-hMSCs were able to attract host MSCs in vivo and were involved in osteogenesis together with host cells, which may be of importance for bone tissue-engineering applications. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Authors:
Yinghong Zhou; Wei Fan; Indira Prasadam; Ross Crawford; Yin Xiao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1932-7005     ISO Abbreviation:  J Tissue Eng Regen Med     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101308490     Medline TA:  J Tissue Eng Regen Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Affiliation:
Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia; Ministry Education Key Laboratory for Oral Biomedical Engineering, School of Stomatology, Wuhan University, People's Republic of China.
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