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Implantation of a completely subcutaneous ICD system: case report of a patient with Brugada syndrome and state of the art.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21993598     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: Complications of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy are often linked to transvenous lead insertion, lead failure, or infections. An entirely subcutaneous ICD system (S-ICD) avoids the need for the placement of electrodes within the heart and can provide clinical advantages. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 45-year-old patient with Brugada syndrome (spontaneous type 1 Brugada ECG, syncope during fever, family history of sudden death <45 years old) was implanted with an entirely S-ICD. A left lateral incision was made over the sixth rib in the anterior axillary line for pocket formation and pulse generator placement. The subcutaneous electrode was placed subcutaneously, parallel to and 2 cm to the left of the sternal midline, and was connected to the generator. The insertion of the system was guided only by anatomical landmarks, and no fluoroscopy was required. Ventricular fibrillation was induced and terminated by a 65-J shock (15-J safety margin). No complication occurred, and subsequent course was uneventful. CONCLUSIONS: S-ICD is a new system for delivering lifesaving shock therapy in patients at risk of sudden cardiac death, without the need of intracardiac leads. Young patients with inherited arrhythmogenic syndromes could benefit the most from this system. This is the first case of Brugada syndrome implanted with a first-generation S-ICD in Italy.
Authors:
Elia De Maria; Lorenzo Bonetti; Giampiero Patrizi; John Scrivener; Alberto Andraghetti; Franco Di Gregorio; Alessio Montin; Giulia Zuccon; Stefano Cappelli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of interventional cardiac electrophysiology : an international journal of arrhythmias and pacing     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1572-8595     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9708966     Medline TA:  J Interv Card Electrophysiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Cardiology Unit, Ramazzini Hospital, Via Molinari, Carpi, Modena, Italy, 41012, e.demaria@inwind.it.
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