Document Detail

Impairment of exercise capacity and peak oxygen consumption in patients with mild left ventricular dysfunction and coronary artery disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9857922     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: Most studies in chronic heart failure have only included patients with marked left ventricular systolic dysfunction (i.e. ejection fraction < or =0.35), and patients with mild left ventricular dysfunction are usually excluded. Further, exercise capacity strongly depends on age, but age-adjustment is usually not applied in these studies. Therefore, this study sought to establish whether (age-adjusted) peak VO2 was impaired in patients with mild left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS: Peak VO2 and ventilatory anaerobic threshold were measured in 56 male patients with mild left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction 0.35-0.55; study population) and in 17 male patients with a normal left ventricular function (ejection fraction >0.55; control population). All patients had an old (>4 weeks) myocardial infarction. By using age-adjusted peak VO2 values, a 'decreased' exercise capacity was defined as < or = predicted peak VO2 - 1 x SD (0.81 of predicted peak VO2), and a severely decreased exercise capacity as < or = predicted peak VO2 - 2 x SD (0.62 of predicted peak VO2). RESULTS: Patients in the study population (age 52+/-9 years; ejection fraction 0.46+/-0.06) were mostly asymptomatic (NYHA class I: n=40, 76%), while 16 patients (24%) had mild symptoms, i.e. NYHA class II. All 17 controls (age 57+/-8 years) were asymptomatic. Mean peak VO2 was lower in patients with mild left ventricular dysfunction (23.6+/-5.7 vs 27.1+/-4.6 ml x min(-1) x kg(-1) in controls, P<0.05). In 75% of the study population patients (n=42) age-adjusted peak VO2 was decreased (NYHA I/II: n=29/13) and in 18% of them severely decreased (n=10; NYHA I/II: n=6/4). In contrast, only three patients (18%) in the control population had a decreased and none a severely decreased age-adjusted peak VO2. CONCLUSION: In patients with mild left ventricular dysfunction, who have either no or only mild symptoms of chronic heart failure, a substantial proportion has an impaired exercise capacity. By using age-adjustment, impairment of exercise capacity becomes more evident in younger patients. Patients with mild left ventricular dysfunction are probably under-diagnosed, and this finding has clinical and therapeutic implications.
W Nieuwland; M A Berkhuysen; D J van Veldhuisen; E van Sonderen; J W Viersma; K I Lie; P Rispens
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European heart journal     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0195-668X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. Heart J.     Publication Date:  1998 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-02-18     Completed Date:  1999-02-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006263     Medline TA:  Eur Heart J     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1688-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology/Thoraxcenter, University Hospital Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Anaerobic Threshold
Coronary Disease / physiopathology*
Exercise Test
Exercise Tolerance* / physiology
Middle Aged
Oxygen Consumption*
Prospective Studies
Stroke Volume
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / physiopathology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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