Document Detail

Impaired postural stability as a marker of premanifest Huntington's disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20818666     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Subtle changes in fine motor control have been observed in individuals who carry the Huntington's disease (HD) mutation but have not yet manifested symptoms, referred to as premanifest HD (preHD). However, few studies have examined gross motor impairments in this population. This study sought to examine the role of sensory involvement in maintaining postural stability during the premanifest and manifest stages of HD using computerized dynamic posturography. Eleven HD participants, 22 preHD subdivided into "preHD Near" (<5 years from estimated clinical onset) and "preHD Far" (>5 years from estimated clinical onset), and 17 nongene carriers (NGC) completed a sensory organization test (SOT) to assess postural control when vestibular, visual, and somatosensory information was systematically degraded. The HD group demonstrated greater postural sway than the NGC and preHD Far groups on all conditions including baseline, and greater postural sway than the preHD Near group when sensory information was manipulated. The preHD Near group showed significantly greater postural sway than the preHD Far group when visual and somatosensory information was degraded and only vestibular information was available and reliable for maintaining postural stability. The results of this study highlight subtle postural deficits in the face of changing sensory conditions in preHD up to 5 years before estimated disease onset. The findings suggest that the SOT may be a highly sensitive indicator of early motor impairment and subsequent phenoconversion to manifest HD in preHD.
Danielle Salomonczyk; Robert Panzera; Eva Pirogovosky; Jody Goldstein; Jody Corey-Bloom; Roger Simmons; Paul E Gilbert
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1531-8257     ISO Abbreviation:  Mov. Disord.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8610688     Medline TA:  Mov Disord     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2428-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92120, USA.
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