Document Detail


Impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes mellitus in Hindu Indian immigrants in Dar es Salaam.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1838065     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The prevalence of Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) and diabetes mellitus was studied in a migrant Hindu Indian community in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Using 1985 WHO criteria, 75 g oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) were performed on 1147 (583 men; 564 women) subjects aged 15 years and over. The age-standardized prevalence of IGT in men and women was 15.2 and 17.2%, and that of diabetes was 9.1% (6.5% known; 2.6% previously undiagnosed) and 9.0% (3.7% known; 5.3% previously undiagnosed), respectively. Diabetes was present in 12.9% of men and 12.8% of women aged 35 years and above. The overall age- and sex-standardized prevalence of IGT was 16.2% and of diabetes 9.1%. The major risk factors associated with diabetes in both men and women were age, family history of diabetes, and physical inactivity, and in women body mass index (BMI). Age and BMI contributed to the higher frequency of IGT in women as compared with men while in men, age was the only contributory factor. Despite overweight and obesity being more frequent in women than men, age-standardized prevalence rates of IGT and diabetes were similar between men and women. The decreased prevalence of diabetes in men and women performing moderate/heavy physical activity was independent of age and BMI.
Authors:
K L Ramaiya; A B Swai; D G McLarty; K G Alberti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0742-3071     ISO Abbreviation:  Diabet. Med.     Publication Date:  1991 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-03-12     Completed Date:  1992-03-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8500858     Medline TA:  Diabet Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  738-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of Dar es Salaam, Muhimbili Medical Centre.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Blood Glucose / metabolism*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology,  metabolism*
Environment
Exercise
Female
Glucose Tolerance Test
Humans
India / ethnology
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Tanzania / epidemiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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