Document Detail

Impaired bactericidal but not fungicidal activity of polymorphonuclear neutrophils in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23163595     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
ABSTRACT We examined the qualitative polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN)-associated immune impairment in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) by characterizing phagocytic killing of key nonopsonized bacterial (Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and fungal (Candida albicans and Aspergillus fumigatus) pathogens. Neutrophils were collected from 47 nonneutropenic CLL patients (PMN count > 1000/mm(3)), and age-matched and young healthy controls (five each). A subset of patients (13%) had prior or subsequent infections. We found that the CLL patients had diminished PMN microbicidal response against bacteria but not against fungi than did the controls. Compared to patients with effective PMN responses, we did not identify differences of basal PMN pathogen-associated molecular pattern receptor gene expression, soluble pathogen-associated molecular pattern gene expression, or inflammatory cytokine signatures in patients with impaired PMN responses when PMNs were analyzed in multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction assays. However, differences in PMN microbicidal response against A. fumigatus in CLL patients were associated with the degree of hypogammaglobulinemia.
Dimitrios P Kontoyiannis; Sarah P Georgiadou; William G Wierda; Susan Wright; Nathaniel D Albert; Alessandra Ferrajoli; Michael Keating; Russell E Lewis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Leukemia & lymphoma     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1029-2403     ISO Abbreviation:  Leuk. Lymphoma     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9007422     Medline TA:  Leuk Lymphoma     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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