Document Detail


Impaired AP-1 dimers and NFAT complex formation in immature thymocytes during in vivo glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15563399     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ca2+-regulated nuclear factor of activated T cell (NFAT) family members are transcription factors crucial for the expression of various cytokine and other immunoregulatory genes. Moreover, NFAT transcription factors are involved in the regulation of development, maturation and selection of thymocytes. Typically, the NFAT complex is made up of NFATc (NFATc1-4) protein and activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor. AP-1 is a dimer consisting of two Jun proteins (homodimers) or Jun and Fos proteins (heterodimers). We have previously reported that NFAT DNA-binding activity significantly decreases in the thymus during glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis. In this study, we demonstrate that the expression and phosphorylation status of the NFAT proteins do not change during glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis. This suggests that glucocorticoids do not disturb a signal transduction pathway leading to the activation of NFATc proteins in thymocytes. Although the levels of particular Jun and Fos proteins do not decrease after glucocorticoid administration, the formation or DNA-binding activity of some AP-1 dimers is specifically abolished. Thus, the observed inhibition of NFAT transcription factor activity during glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis is likely to be a consequence of this perturbation or the lack of a proper AP-1 component.
Authors:
Marta Wisniewska; Beata Pyrzynska; Bozena Kaminska
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cell biology international     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1065-6995     ISO Abbreviation:  Cell Biol. Int.     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-11-25     Completed Date:  2005-04-28     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9307129     Medline TA:  Cell Biol Int     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  773-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Transcription Regulation, Department of Cell Biology, Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology, 3 Pasteur Street, 02-093 Warsaw, Poland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Apoptosis / drug effects*
DNA / metabolism
DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics,  metabolism*
Dexamethasone / pharmacology*
Dimerization
Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay
Female
Mice
NFATC Transcription Factors
Nuclear Proteins / genetics,  metabolism*
Phosphoproteins / genetics,  metabolism
Phosphorylation / drug effects
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos / metabolism
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun / metabolism
Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid / genetics
Signal Transduction
T-Lymphocytes / metabolism*
Thymus Gland / cytology*
Transcription Factor AP-1 / metabolism*
Transcription Factors / genetics,  metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA-Binding Proteins; 0/NFATC Transcription Factors; 0/Nfatc1 protein, mouse; 0/Nuclear Proteins; 0/Phosphoproteins; 0/Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos; 0/Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun; 0/Transcription Factor AP-1; 0/Transcription Factors; 50-02-2/Dexamethasone; 9007-49-2/DNA

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