Document Detail


Impact of water fluoride concentration on the fluoride content of infant foods and drinks requiring preparation with liquids before feeding.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22524477     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To measure the fluoride (F) content of infant foods and drinks requiring reconstitution with liquids prior to consumption and to determine the impact of water F concentration on their F content, as consumed, by measuring F content before and after preparation.
METHODS: In total, 58 infant powdered formula milks, dry foods and concentrated drinks were prepared with deionized water (<0.02 ppm F) nonfluoridated (0.13 ppm F) and fluoridated (0.90 ppmF) water. The F concentrations of drink samples were measured directly using a fluoride-ion-selective electrode after addition of TISAB III, and food samples and formula milks measured indirectly by an acid diffusion method.
RESULTS: The overall range of F concentrations of all the nonreconstituted samples, in their prepreparation dry or concentrated forms, was from 0.06 to 2.99 μg/g with the highest F concentration for foods found in the dry 'savoury meals' (a combination of vegetables and chicken or cheese or rice) group. However, when the samples were reconstituted with nonfluoridated water, the mean F concentrations of prepared 'concentrated juices', 'pasta and rice', 'breakfast cereals', 'savoury meals' and 'powdered infant formula milks' were 0.38, 0.26, 0.18, 0.16 and 0.15 μg/g, respectively. The corresponding mean F concentrations were 0.97, 1.21, 0.86, 0.74 and 0.91 μg/g, respectively, when the same samples were prepared with fluoridated water.
CONCLUSION: Although some nonreconstituted infant foods/drinks showed a high F concentration in their dry or concentrated forms, the concentration of F in prepared foods/drinks primarily reflected the F concentration of liquid used for their preparation. Some infant foods/drinks, when reconstituted with fluoridated water, may result in a F intake in infants above the suggested optimum range (0.05-0.07 mg F/kg body weight) and therefore may put infants at risk of developing dental fluorosis. Further research is necessary to determine the actual F intake of infants living in fluoridated and nonfluoridated communities using reconstituted infant foods and drinks.
Authors:
Fatemeh V Zohoori; Paula J Moynihan; Narges Omid; Lamis Abuhaloob; Anne Maguire
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-04-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Community dentistry and oral epidemiology     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1600-0528     ISO Abbreviation:  Community Dent Oral Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-13     Completed Date:  2013-02-11     Revised Date:  2014-02-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410263     Medline TA:  Community Dent Oral Epidemiol     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  432-40     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Beverages / analysis*
England
Fluoridation*
Fluorides / analysis*
Humans
Infant
Infant Food / analysis*
Infant Formula / chemistry*
Water Supply / analysis*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
G0900686//Medical Research Council
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
Q80VPU408O/Fluorides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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