Document Detail


Impact of the s.w.e.a.T.™ water-exercise method on activities of daily living for older women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24421730     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Older women may have chronic or age-related conditions that increase the risk of falls or that limit their ability to remain active. It is unclear if a water-based exercise program provides a safe and effective alternative to land-based exercise. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a water-based exercise program method on land-based functional activities of daily living (ADL) for women 60 years and older. This study used a quasi- experimental, nonequivalent control group design. Sixty-six women (60-89 yr of age) self- selected to a water exercise (WEX) group (n = 48) or control (C) group (n = 18). The training consisted of a 16-week (45 min·day(-1), 3 d·wk(-1)) supervised WEX program that included 10 min of warm-up and warm down/stretching and 35 min training using the S.W.E.A.T.™ method in shallow water 1.0-1.2 m, with water temperature approximately 28-29°C. Participants were required to attendat least 94% of the sessions. Assessments for participants included ADL functional field tests. In comparison to the C group, WEX participantsimproved (p < 0.05) flexibility (8%), sit- to-stand (31%), walking speed (16%) and stride length (10%), agility (20%), stair climb (22%), arm curl (39%), and static (42-48%) balance, but not dynamic balance. Results indicate that the S.W.E.A.T.™ method applied to this water exercise program provides a well-rounded, safe, and effective exercise program where older women can improve functional ADL and static balance. Key PointsOlder women with a variety of health conditions participated in 16 weeks of exercise (92% adherence) with no injuries.The S.W.E.A.T.™ method applied to this water-based program was found to significantly improve several aspects of physical function, including postural balance.This shallow water program provided a well-rounded, safe and effective activity for women to improve functional ADL on land.
Authors:
Mary E Sanders; Nobuo Takeshima; Michael E Rogers; Juan C Colado; Sebastien Borreani
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-12-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of sports science & medicine     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1303-2968     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sports Sci Med     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-01-14     Completed Date:  2014-01-14     Revised Date:  2014-01-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101174629     Medline TA:  J Sports Sci Med     Country:  Turkey    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  707-15     Citation Subset:  -    
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