Document Detail

Impact of very low birth weight infants on the family at 3 months corrected age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20970263     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Very low birth weight infants (VLBW, <1500 g) have increased impact on families compared to term infants. However, there is limited research examining this impact in the first months post-discharge.
AIM: To determine maternal, neonatal, and infant characteristics associated with greater impact on the family at 3 months corrected age in VLBW infants. It was hypothesized that social/environmental and medical risk factors would be associated with higher impact.
STUDY DESIGN: Maternal, neonatal, and infant data were collected prospectively. Parents completed the Impact on Family, Family Support, and Family Resource Scales. Associations between characteristics and impact scores were analyzed by t-test and Pearson's correlation. Regression models for each impact score identified significant risk factors for impact.
SUBJECTS: 152 VLBW infants born February 28, 2007 to September 5, 2008 who had a follow-up evaluation at 3 months corrected age.
OUTCOME MEASURE: Impact on family.
RESULTS: Siblings in the home, neonatal medical risk factors, longer hospitalization, more days on ventilator or oxygen, lower gestational age, lower social support, and poorer family resources were associated with increased impact. Multivariate analyses identified siblings in the home, poorer family resources, lower gestational age, and oxygen requirement at 3 months as the most important predictors of impact.
CONCLUSIONS: Social/environmental and medical risk factors contribute to impact on family. Families with identified risk factors should receive support services to assist them in coping with the burden of caring for a VLBW infant.
Asha Balakrishnan; Bonnie E Stephens; Robert T Burke; Yvette Yatchmink; Barbara L Alksninis; Richard Tucker; Ellen Cavanaugh; Amy Marchand Collins; Betty R Vohr
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  87     ISSN:  1872-6232     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  31-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Pediatrics, Women and Infants Hospital Providence, 101 Dudley Street, Providence, RI 02905, USA.
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