Document Detail

Impact of treadmill exercise on efficacy expectations, physical activity, and stroke recovery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22210302     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Stroke survivors are at high risk for cardiovascular mortality which can be in part mitigated by increasing physical activity. Self-efficacy for exercise is known to play a role in adoption of exercise behaviors. This study examines self-reported psychological outcomes in a group of 64 stroke survivors randomized to either a 6-month treadmill training program or a stretching program. Results indicated that, regardless of group, all study participants experienced increased self-efficacy (F = 2.95, p = .09) and outcome expectations for exercise (F = 13.23, p < 0.001) and improvements in activities of daily living as reported on the Stroke Impact Scale (F = 10.97, p = .002). No statistically significant between-group differences were noted, possibly because of the fact that specific interventions designed to enhance efficacy beliefs were not part of the study. Theoretically based interventions should be tested to clarify the role of motivation and potential influence on exercise and physical activity in the stroke survivor population.
Marianne Shaughnessy; Kathleen Michael; Barbara Resnick
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of neuroscience nursing : journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1945-2810     ISO Abbreviation:  J Neurosci Nurs     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-02     Completed Date:  2012-05-03     Revised Date:  2014-07-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8603596     Medline TA:  J Neurosci Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  27-35     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
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MeSH Terms
Attitude to Health
Exercise Therapy / instrumentation,  methods*
Middle Aged
Motor Activity / physiology*
Recovery of Function / physiology*
Rehabilitation Nursing / methods*
Self Efficacy
Stroke* / nursing,  physiopathology,  rehabilitation
Treatment Outcome
Walking / physiology
Grant Support
P30-AG028747/AG/NIA NIH HHS; P60 AG012583/AG/NIA NIH HHS; P60 AG012583-10/AG/NIA NIH HHS

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