Document Detail


Impact of trait anxiety and social conformity on responses to experimental chemical challenge.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21783539     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The study examined the impact of trait anxiety and social conformity on ratings and test performance during controlled solvent challenge. Healthy women (n=20) and men (n=18) were exposed to increasing levels of toluene and n-butyl acetate in a challenge chamber, during which they repeatedly rated smell intensity and annoyance, and completed neurobehavioral tests. Trait anxiety was measured by the Psychasthenia scale of the Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP), and social conformity by the KSP Social Desirability scale. Among women, high Psychasthenia was related to higher increase in ratings of mucous membrane irritation, fatigue, and annoyance from other aspects of the environment than smell during challenges, and was related to a higher increase in reaction time variability. Among men, Psychasthenia was unrelated to annoyance ratings, and was inversely related to the increase in smell intensity ratings. Social desirability was unrelated to any rating or performance dimension for either gender.
Authors:
Palle Orbæk; Roger Persson; Kai Osterberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental toxicology and pharmacology     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1382-6689     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2005 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9612020     Medline TA:  Environ Toxicol Pharmacol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  659-64     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
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