Document Detail

Impact of thalamic hematoma on six-month mortality and motor and cognitive functional outcome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7709409     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In this study we examined the functional outcome of thalamic hemorrhage after 6 months as it related to neurological and computed tomographic (CT) findings in 104 patients. METHODS: Level of consciousness was determined on admission. Extension and volume of hematoma were examined with CT within 3 days. After 6 months, motor function was evaluated using hemiplegic staging by the scale of Brunnström, and cognition was assessed by the Hasegawa dementia rating scale administered in Japanese. RESULTS: Twelve patients (12%) died from stroke after 6 +/- 6 days (mean +/- SD), which correlated with volume of hematomas (P < .001), levels of consciousness (P < .005), and miosis (P < .01). Six patients (6%) died from systemic complications after 23 +/- 18 days, which correlated with age (P < .05). Initially, 88 patients (85%) had hemiparesis; which persisted in 78 (75%) patients (18 deaths and 60 survivors). After 6 months, the Brunnström scale scores were lower in patients with hematomas extending to the internal capsule (P < .01) than in those with hematomas localized within the thalamus, and scores were lowest in patients with hematomas extending to the midbrain or putamen (P < .01). Motor function was well correlated with the extension and volume of hematomas (P < .001) and with the consciousness level (P < .001). Activities of daily living were correlated with hematoma extension and advanced age. Cognitive impairment was correlated with disturbance of consciousness (P < .01) and ventricular extension of the hematoma (P < .05) in 80 nonaphasic patients. CONCLUSIONS: The extension and volume of hematomas, indicating direct cerebral damage, are useful indicators of mortality from thalamic hemorrhage, motor functional outcome, and level of activities of daily living after 6 months. The disturbance of consciousness and ventricular extension of the hematoma, suggesting diffuse brain damage, could be predictors of cognitive function.
S Mori; S Sadoshima; S Ibayashi; M Fujishima; K Iino
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0039-2499     ISO Abbreviation:  Stroke     Publication Date:  1995 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-05-09     Completed Date:  1995-05-09     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0235266     Medline TA:  Stroke     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  620-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Second Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Activities of Daily Living
Cerebral Hemorrhage / complications*,  mortality,  physiopathology
Cerebrovascular Disorders / complications*
Middle Aged
Motor Activity

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