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Impact of surgical mentorship on retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy with comparison to transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23336655     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy (RA) provides a direct approach to the adrenal gland. RA represents a complex approach with unique orientation that is less intuitive. The authors objectively evaluated the impact of mentorship on the performance of RA and also compared it with laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA). After implementing the use of RA, a retrospective review of the operative experience of two high-volume endocrine surgeons was performed. Both surgeons participated in a hands-on RA mentorship. Clinical presentation and perioperative outcomes were compared. Subgroup analysis was used to compare RA pre- and postmentorship and with LA. Sixty-one LAs and 31 RAs were included in the analysis. The mean operative time was 115 for LA versus 90 minutes for RA (P = 0.002). Blood loss was greater for LA versus RA (56 vs 22 mL; P = 0.001). Length of stay (LOS) for LA was 2.2 versus 1.5 days for RA (P = 0.029). Ten patients were treated by RA in the prementorship era versus 21 in the postmentorship era. The mean operative time for the prementorship group was 118 minutes, which decreased to 77 minutes postmentorship (P < 0.0001). LOS also decreased from 2.0 to 1.2 days (P = 0.04) in the postmentorship era. RA demonstrates a shorter operative time, less blood loss, and decrease length of hospital stay as compared with standard LA. After proper mentorship and patient selection, RA may represent a superior option for removal of small, benign adrenal tumors.
Authors:
James T Broome; Carmen C Solorzano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American surgeon     Volume:  79     ISSN:  1555-9823     ISO Abbreviation:  Am Surg     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370522     Medline TA:  Am Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  162-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Surgical Oncology and Endocrine Surgery, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.
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