Document Detail


Impact of surgery on nitric oxide in rats: evidence for activation of inducible nitric oxide synthase.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9186887     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We investigated the effect of euvolemic surgical preparation, on chemical indices of activity of the nitric oxide (NO) system, in anesthetized, acutely prepared rats. The urinary excretion of NO2+NO3 (UNOXV) and cGMP (UcGMPV) increased progressively during the experiment. Pretreatment with aminoguanidine or dexamethasone, inhibitors of inducible NO synthase (iNOS), prevented the increase in UNOXV and UcGMPV but had no impact on mean arterial pressure (BP), renal vascular resistance (RVR) or GFR. Since these variables did not change in the conscious rat, the increased UNOXV results from some aspect of the acute surgical preparation. When acutely prepared rats received L-NAME, a non-specific NOS inhibitor, BP and RVR increased but paradoxical increases in UNOXV and UcGMPV were also seen. Nonselective NOS inhibition (+L-NAME) was fatal in 50% of acutely prepared rats, causing cardiac contracture. The same dose of L-NAME produced no deaths in either conscious chronically catheterized rats or in acutely prepared rats, previously subjected to sterile surgery and acute L-NAME in the conscious state. These data indicate that acute, nonsterile surgery induces expression of iNOS, but that the additional NO generated has no obvious cardiovascular/renal actions. Acute UNOXV and UcGMPV do not predict total NO production, or "hemodynamically active" NO. Generalized NO inhibition in rats acutely stressed by surgery/anesthesia can be fatal.
Authors:
G Losonczy; J F Bloch; L Samsell; M Schoenl; R Venuto; C Baylis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Kidney international     Volume:  51     ISSN:  0085-2538     ISO Abbreviation:  Kidney Int.     Publication Date:  1997 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-08-18     Completed Date:  1997-08-18     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0323470     Medline TA:  Kidney Int     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1943-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cyclic GMP / metabolism
Enzyme Activation
Enzyme Induction
Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
Female
Hemodynamics
Kidney / surgery*
NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester / pharmacology
Nitric Oxide / metabolism*
Nitric Oxide Synthase / antagonists & inhibitors,  metabolism*
Postoperative Period
Punctures
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DK 45517/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; HL31933/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Enzyme Inhibitors; 10102-43-9/Nitric Oxide; 50903-99-6/NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester; 7665-99-8/Cyclic GMP; EC 1.14.13.39/Nitric Oxide Synthase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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