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Impact of subject head motion on quantitative brain (15)O PET and its correction by image-based registration algorithm.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23359244     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Subject head motion during sequential (15)O positron emission tomography (PET) scans can result in artifacts in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygen metabolism maps. However, to our knowledge, there are no systematic studies examining this issue. Herein, we investigated the effect of head motion on quantification of CBF and oxygen metabolism, and proposed an image-based motion correction method dedicated to (15)O PET study, correcting for transmission-emission mismatch and inter-scan mismatch of emission scans. METHODS: We analyzed (15)O PET data for patients with major arterial steno-occlusive disease (n = 130) to determine the occurrence frequency of head motion during (15)O PET examination. Image-based motion correction without and with realignment between transmission and emission scans, termed simple and 2-step method, respectively, was applied to the cases that showed severe inter-scan motion. RESULTS: Severe inter-scan motion (>3 mm translation or >5° rotation) was observed in 27 of 520 adjacent scan pairs (5.2 %). In these cases, unrealistic values of oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) or cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) were observed without motion correction. Motion correction eliminated these artifacts. The volume-of-interest (VOI) analysis demonstrated that the motion correction changed the OEF on the middle cerebral artery territory by 17.3 % at maximum. The inter-scan motion also affected CBV, CMRO(2) and CBF, which were improved by the motion correction. A difference of VOI values between the simple and 2-step method was also observed. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that image-based motion correction is useful for accurate measurement of CBF and oxygen metabolism by (15)O PET.
Authors:
Keisuke Matsubara; Masanobu Ibaraki; Kazuhiro Nakamura; Hiroshi Yamaguchi; Atsushi Umetsu; Fumiko Kinoshita; Toshibumi Kinoshita
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of nuclear medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1864-6433     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Nucl Med     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8913398     Medline TA:  Ann Nucl Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Research Institute of Brain and Blood Vessels Akita, 6-10 Senshu-Kubota-machi, Akita, 010-0874, Japan, matsubara@akita-noken.jp.
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