Document Detail

Impact of stent-graft oversizing on the thoracic aorta: experimental study in a porcine model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21861750     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract Purpose: To analyze in an experimental animal model the effect of 4 different levels of stents-graft oversizing on non-atherosclerotic aortas such as those found in young individuals who undergo stent-graft repair for traumatic aortic injuries. Methods: The diameter of the porcine thoracic aorta is similar to the aorta of young adults (18-20 mm), so 25 pigs were randomized into 5 groups: 1 control (without stent-graft) and 4 oversizing groups (A: 10%-19%, B: 20%-29%, C: 30%-39%, and D: >40%). Two types of biomechanical tests were performed on all aortas 4 weeks after endoprosthesis deployment. Results: The results of the detachment test, which analyzed the strength necessary to remove the stent-graft from the aorta, were similar in the 4 groups (A: 42 N, B: 41 N, C: 46 N, and D: 46 N). However, 2 aortas ruptured during the tests (groups C and D). The second test was performed in 3 aortic segments. Maximum shear strength, maximum stress, and maximum tension supported by the aortic wall had a negative and linear correlation with oversizing. There were significant differences in all 4 groups when compared with the control group. Strain, which reflects the elastic properties of the aortic wall, was very similar in all 4 groups, but a great difference was found when compared with the control group (p<0.0001). Conclusion: The study showed an important subacute change in the biomechanical properties of the aortic wall after implantation of an oversized endoprosthesis. This weakness of the aortic wall was confirmed by 2 ruptures during the detachment test. These results partially explain the interaction of stent-grafts with non-atherosclerotic thoracic aortas and may serve as a basis for further studies and the development of specific material to be used in vascular trauma and young patients.
Igor Rafael Sincos; Ricardo Aun; Erasmo Simão da Silva; Sergio Belczak; Maria de Lourdes Higuchi; Vitor Cervantes Gornati; Pedro Nogueira Gigglio; Anna Paula Weinhardt Baptista; Luiz Francisco Poli de Figueiredo
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of endovascular therapy : an official journal of the International Society of Endovascular Specialists     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1545-1550     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Endovasc. Ther.     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100896915     Medline TA:  J Endovasc Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  576-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
1 Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein - CETEC.
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