Document Detail

Impact of skin tone on the performance of a transcutaneous jaundice meter.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19764923     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To evaluate the performance of the Konica Minolta/Air-Shields JM-103 jaundice meter on the basis of infant skin tone during the early neonatal period. METHODS: Infants were prospectively categorized into light, medium and dark skin tone groups relative to two reference colours. Transcutaneous bilirubin readings were taken at predetermined intervals through the early neonatal period on a convenience sample of 938 healthy infants > or =37 weeks gestation. Serum bilirubin measurements were drawn routinely with metabolic studies and repeated in the presence of an elevated transcutaneous reading or clinically significant jaundice. RESULTS: Multivariate linear regression analysis showed a significant impact on serum and transcutaneous bilirubin agreement by skin tone. Highest precision and lowest bias were observed for medium skin toned infants. Greater disagreement between serum and transcutaneous measurements was noted at serum bilirubin concentrations >200 micromol/L. Insufficient numbers of dark skin toned infants were enrolled to evaluate fully the performance of the jaundice meter for this group. CONCLUSION: The JM-103 jaundice meter displayed good correlation with serum bilirubin concentrations in light and medium skin tone infants, although it showed a tendency to under-read in the lighter skin tone group and to over-read in the darker skin tone group. The device shows excellent performance characteristics for use as a screening device.
Stephen Wainer; Yacov Rabi; Seema M Parmar; Donna Allegro; Martha Lyon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article     Date:  2009-09-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  98     ISSN:  1651-2227     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-06     Completed Date:  2010-02-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  Norway    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1909-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Community Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Bilirubin / blood*
Infant, Newborn
Jaundice, Neonatal / diagnosis*,  ethnology
Linear Models
Multivariate Analysis
Neonatal Screening / instrumentation*
Prospective Studies
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity
Skin Pigmentation*
Reg. No./Substance:
Comment In:
Acta Paediatr. 2009 Dec;98(12):1866-8   [PMID:  19821802 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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