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Impact of regular physical activity on blood glucose control and cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus - a multicenter study of 578 patients from 225 centres.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24888254     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Regular physical activity (RPA) is a major therapeutic recommendation in children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We evaluated the association between frequency of RPA and metabolic control, cardiovascular risk factors, and treatment regimes.
METHODS: The Pediatric Quality Initiative (DPV), including data from 225 centers in Germany and Austria, provided anonymous data of 578 patients (10-20 yr; mean 15.7 ± 2.1 yr; 61.9% girls) with T2DM. Patients were grouped by the frequency of their self-reported RPA per week: RPA 0, none; RPA 1, 1-2×/wk; RPA 2, >2×/wk.
RESULTS: The frequency of RPA ranged from 0 to 9×/wk (mean 1.1×/wk ±1.5). 55.7% of the patients reported no RPA (58.1% of the girls). Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) differed significantly among RPA groups (p < 0.002), being approximately 0.8 percentage points lower in RPA 2 compared to RPA 0. Body mass index (BMI-SDS) was higher in the groups with less frequent RPA (p < 0.00001). Multiple regression analysis revealed a negative association between RPA and HbA1c (p < 0.0001) and between RPA and BMI-SDS (p < 0.01). The association between RPA and high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol was positive (p < 0.05), while there was no association to total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol or triglycerides. Approximately 80% of the patients received pharmacological treatment (oral antidiabetic drugs and/or insulin) without differences between RPA groups.
CONCLUSION: More than half of the adolescents with T2DM did not perform RPA. Increasing physical activity was associated with a lower HbA1c, a lower BMI-SDS, a higher HDL-cholesterol, but not with a difference in treatment regime. These results suggest that regular exercise is a justified therapeutic recommendation for children and adolescents with T2DM.
Authors:
A Herbst; T Kapellen; E Schober; C Graf; T Meissner; Rw Holl;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric diabetes     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1399-5448     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Diabetes     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100939345     Medline TA:  Pediatr Diabetes     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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