Document Detail


Impact of mucosal healing on long-term outcomes in ulcerative colitis treated with infliximab: a multicenter experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23521659     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Mucosal healing can be achieved with infliximab (IFX). AIM: To assess the impact of mucosal healing on long-term outcomes in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) when treated with infliximab (IFX) beyond 1 year. METHODS: All consecutive adult patients with refractory UC receiving maintenance treatment with IFX in five French referral centres were analysed retrospectively. Only patients who had endoscopic evaluation between 6 and 52 weeks following IFX initiation were included. According to their Mayo endoscopic sub-score, patients were categorised into mucosal healing (sub-score: 0-1) and no mucosal healing (2-3). Outcome measures were colectomy and IFX failure defined by drug withdrawal due to secondary failure among primary responders. RESULTS: Of the 63 patients (30 women; median age: 38 years), 30 (48%) achieved mucosal healing. The median follow-up duration was 27 (3-79) months. Colectomy-free survival rates at 12, 24 and 36 months were, respectively, 100%, 96% and 96% in patients with mucosal healing. The corresponding figures were, respectively, 80%, 65% and 65% in patients without mucosal healing (P = 0.004). By multivariate analysis, mucosal healing was the only factor associated with colectomy-free survival, with an odds ratio of 18.01 (95%CI: 1.58-204.92). IFX failure-free survival rates at 12, 24 and 36 months were, respectively, 76%, 69% and 64% in patients with mucosal healing, and 44%, 25% and 21% in those without mucosal healing (P = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Patients with refractory UC who achieved mucosal healing after IFX initiation had better long-term outcomes, with significantly less colectomy and less IFX failure.
Authors:
D Laharie; J Filippi; X Roblin; S Nancey; J-B Chevaux; X Hébuterne; B Flourié; M Capdepont; L Peyrin-Biroulet
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-3-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2036     ISO Abbreviation:  Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-3-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8707234     Medline TA:  Aliment Pharmacol Ther     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Service d'Hépato-gastroentérologie, Hôpital Haut-Lévêque, CHU de Bordeaux, Pessac, France.
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