Document Detail

Impact of meditation on resting and ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate in youth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15564357     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a meditation program on resting and ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate in youth. METHODS: Data from 73 middle school students (age 12.3 +/- 0.6 years) randomly assigned by classroom to either meditation (N = 34) or health education control (N = 39) groups were analyzed. The meditation groups engaged in 10-minute sessions at school and at home after school each day for 3 months. Resting (seated) systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate measurements were obtained pretest and posttest on three consecutive school days using Dinamap 1846SX monitors. Ambulatory systolic blood pressure, ambulatory diastolic blood pressure, and ambulatory heart rate were recorded over 24-hour periods at pretest and posttest every 20 minutes during self-reported normal waking hours and every 30 minutes during self-reported normal sleep hours using Spacelabs 90207 monitors. RESULTS: Significant (p < .05) differences in average change from pretest to posttest were found between the meditation and health education control groups for resting systolic blood pressure (-2.7 vs. 1.1 mm Hg), daytime ambulatory systolic blood pressure after school (-2.0 vs. 3.6 mm Hg), daytime ambulatory diastolic blood pressure after school (0.1 vs. 4.3 mm Hg), and daytime ambulatory heart rate after school (-5.3 vs. 0.3 bpm). CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrate the potential beneficial impact of meditation on blood pressure and heart rate in the natural environment in healthy normotensive youth.
Vernon A Barnes; Harry C Davis; James B Murzynowski; Frank A Treiber
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychosomatic medicine     Volume:  66     ISSN:  1534-7796     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychosom Med     Publication Date:    2004 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-11-26     Completed Date:  2005-08-31     Revised Date:  2010-03-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376505     Medline TA:  Psychosom Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  909-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Georgia Institute for Prevention of Human Diseases and Accidents, Augusta, GA 30912, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory / statistics & numerical data*
Circadian Rhythm / physiology
Ethnic Groups / statistics & numerical data
Health Education / methods
Heart Rate / physiology
Hypertension / prevention & control
Meditation / methods*,  psychology
Posture / physiology
Sex Factors
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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