Document Detail

Impact of meat consumption on nutritional quality and cardiovascular risk factors in young adults: the Bogalusa Heart Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7636079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To document the contribution of meat consumption to the overall nutritional quality of the diet and assess its impact on cardiovascular risk factors in young adults. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional survey of young adults in Bogalusa, La. SUBJECTS: We collected 24-hour dietary recalls from 504 19- to 28-year-olds from 1988 through 1991. STATISTICAL ANALYSES: We examined dietary composition by meat consumption quartiles. Analysis of variance and Newman-Keuls range tests were performed. RESULTS: Young adults consume an average of 6.5 oz meat daily; whites most often consumed beef and blacks most often consumed pork and poultry. Persons in the < 25th percentile for meat consumption consumed a diet closest to recommended levels--with 11% of energy from protein, 55% from carbohydrate, 32% from fat, 11% from saturated fatty acids, and 264 mg dietary cholesterol. In contrast, persons in the > 75th percentile for meat consumption consumed a diet with 18% of energy from protein, 40% from carbohydrate, 41% from fat, 13% from saturated fatty acids, and 372 mg dietary cholesterol. Intakes of heme iron and phosphorus were lower and calcium intake higher in persons in the < 25th percentile compared with those in the > 75th percentile for meat consumption. The percent of persons meeting two thirds of the Recommended Dietary Allowances for vitamin B-12, niacin, and zinc was greater in the > 75th percentile for meat consumption compared with the < 25th percentile for meat consumption. We noted no differences across meat consumption quartiles in blood lipids and lipoproteins, anthropometric measurements, and hemoglobin levels. APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS: Consumption of moderate amounts of lean meat, along with healthier choices in other food groups, may be necessary to meet the current dietary recommendations.
T A Nicklas; R P Farris; L Myers; G S Berenson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  95     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  1995 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-09-12     Completed Date:  1995-09-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  887-92     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Tulane Center for Cardiovascular Health, Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112-2824, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans
Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Surveys
Energy Intake
European Continental Ancestry Group
Food Habits / ethnology
Lipoproteins / blood
Nutritional Requirements
Nutritive Value
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:

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