Document Detail


Impact of mastitis control measures on milk production and mastitis indicators in smallholder dairy farms in Kiambu district, Kenya.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10599130     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Bovine mastitis and mastitis control were investigated on smallholder farms in central Kenya. After an initial observational study, a clinical trial to assess the impact of three different mastitis control strategies--(1) improved udder hygiene, (2) treatment of subclinical cases, and (3) a combination of these--was conducted on 100 randomly selected farms with 332 lactating cows. Before the implementation of control measures, the milk yield was low (mean 6.5 kg/day; median 6 kg/day) and somatic cell counts (SCC) were high, with 80% and 43% of cows having milk with SCC greater than 250 x 10(3) cells/ml and 600 x 10(3) cells/ml, respectively. Infectious pathogens were also commonly isolated, with 63% of cows being positive for pathogenic bacteria. Neither intervention strategy alone had any effect on mastitis indicators or milk yield. In combination, the measures had some impact, lowering the prevalence of contagious pathogens by 18%, but this was not reflected in a significantly increased milk yield, lowered SCC or reduced incidence of clinical mastitis.
Authors:
A O Omore; J J McDermott; S M Arimi; M N Kyule
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical animal health and production     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0049-4747     ISO Abbreviation:  Trop Anim Health Prod     Publication Date:  1999 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-01-04     Completed Date:  2000-01-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1277355     Medline TA:  Trop Anim Health Prod     Country:  SCOTLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  347-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya. a.omore@cgiar.org
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Husbandry
Animals
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
Cattle
Cell Count / veterinary
Dairying
Female
Incidence
Kenya
Mammary Glands, Animal / microbiology,  secretion*
Mastitis, Bovine / drug therapy,  economics,  prevention & control*
Milk / microbiology,  secretion*
Oxytetracycline / therapeutic use
Prevalence
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 79-57-2/Oxytetracycline

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Studies on the respiratory disease 'sonbobe' in camels in the eastern lowlands of Ethiopia.
Next Document:  Comparative parasitological and haematological changes in two breeds of sheep infected with Fasciola...