Document Detail


Impact and injury patterns in between-rails frontal crashes of vehicles with good ratings for frontal crash protection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23169135     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This research investigated (1) what are the key attributes of the between-rail, frontal crash, (2) what are the types of object contacted, and (3) what is the type of resulting trauma. The method was to study with both weighted and in-depth case reviews of NASS-CDS crash data with direct damage between the longitudinal rails in frontal crashes. Individual case selection was limited to belted occupants in between-rail, frontal impacts of good-rated, late-model vehicles equipped with air bags.This paper evaluates the risk of trauma for drivers in cars and LTVs in between-rail, frontal crashes, and suggests the between-rail impact is more dangerous to car drivers. Using weighted data-representing 227,305 tow-away crashes-the resulting trauma to various body regions was analyzed to suggest greatest injury is to the chest, pelvis/thigh/knee/leg, and foot/ankle. This study analyzed the type of object that caused the direct damage between the rails, including small tree or post, large tree or pole, and another vehicle; and found that the struck object was most often another vehicle or a large tree/pole. Both the extent of damage and the occupant compartment intrusion were explored, and suggest that 64% of the serious injuries are associated with increasing intrusion. Individual NASS cases were reviewed to gain a deeper understanding of the mechanical particulars in the between-rail crash.
Authors:
Richard M Morgan; Chongzhen Cui; Kennerly H Digges; Libo Cao; Cing-Dao Steve Kan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of advances in automotive medicine / Annual Scientific Conference ... Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine. Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine. Scientific Conference     Volume:  56     ISSN:  1943-2461     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Adv Automot Med     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101528485     Medline TA:  Ann Adv Automot Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  255-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
George Washington University, USA.
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