Document Detail

Impact of exercise on the functional capacity and pain of patients with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized clinical trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23223698     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Muscle weakness, especially of the quadriceps muscle, is one of the major musculoskeletal effects of knee osteoarthritis. Exercises are considered one of the main interventions in the conservative treatment of those patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of quadriceps strengthening exercises on functional capacity and symptoms related of knee osteoarthritis by use of the Timed Up and Go test (TUG), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), and the Lequesne Index. METHODS: One hundred patients were randomized into two groups: 1) Exercise Group (n = 50), which included stationary bicycle, hamstrings stretching, and quadriceps strengthening; 2) Instruction Group (n = 50), which received a manual with information about knee osteoarthritis and instructions on how to deal with knee symptoms in daily activities. The manual did not include exercise instructions. RESULTS: The Exercise Group showed statistically significant improvement regarding the TUG test, the WOMAC aspects of pain, function, and stiffness, and the Lequesne Index, as compared with the Instruction Group. CONCLUSION: Quadriceps strengthening exercises for eight weeks are effective to improve pain, function, and stiffness in patients with knee osteoarthritis.
Aline Mizusaki Imoto de Oliveira; Maria Stella Peccin; Kelson Nonato Gomes da Silva; Lucas Emmanuel Pedro de Paiva Teixeira; Virgínia Fernandes Moça Trevisani
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Publication Detail:
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista brasileira de reumatologia     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1809-4570     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Bras Reumatol     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404256     Medline TA:  Rev Bras Reumatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG; POR     Pagination:  876-882     Citation Subset:  -    
Universidade Federal de São Paulo.
Vernacular Title:
Impacto dos exercícios na capacidade funcional e dor em pacientes com osteoartrite de joelhos: ensaio clínico randomizado.
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