Document Detail

Impact of dietary crude protein and amino acids status on performance and some excreta characteristics of broiler chicks during 10-28 days of age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19364374     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
A study was conducted in a completely randomised design to evaluate the effects of providing almost all important essential amino acids (EAA) in low-crude protein (CP) diets equal to that of higher CP diets in broiler chickens. Also the effects of additional mixture of glycine (Gly) and glutamic acid (Glu) or supplementation of excess EAA to low-CP diets on the live performance and excreta characteristics including pH, moisture, nitrogen, uric acid and ammonia concentration were measured to ascertain the optimum CP concentration for the maximum performance and reduced excreta ammonia concentration. Male, broiler chickens growing from 10 to 28 days of age were fed eight experimental diets. Reducing dietary CP below 19% negatively affected performance. Adding the Gly and Glu mixtures to 17% CP diets improved live performance. Reducing CP to 19% with a normal amino acids status declined N, ammonia, uric acid, moisture and pH of excreta significantly. These findings suggest that diminishing dietary CP from 23% to 19% while maintaining adequate EAA levels during 10-28 days of age results in not only a significant decline in N emission, but also a probable reduction in the NH(3) volatilisation because of reduction in pH and moisture. Contrary to expectations, reduction of dietary CP below the minimum level (19%) resulted in more ammonia. All these factors may improve on litter and air quality within the housing facility and reduce the ventilation rate required to emit the elevated ammonia gas concentrations.
N F Namroud; M Shivazad; M Zaghari
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-03-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition     Volume:  94     ISSN:  1439-0396     ISO Abbreviation:  J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl)     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101126979     Medline TA:  J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl)     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  280-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran.
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