Document Detail


Impact of dialysis adequacy on cardiac function in pediatric CAPD patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11587404     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with chronic renal failure. Uremia-related risk factors play a fundamental role in its occurrence, thus better prognosis and prolonged survival can be attained by successful dialytic therapies. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether dialysis adequacy has a beneficial effect on cardiac structure and function in children receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in the Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: Eighteen children, aged 13.3 +/- 2.8 years, being treated with CAPD, and 20 healthy age- and sex-matched control subjects were enrolled in this study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Echocardiographic evaluation was performed in all subjects. Dialysis adequacy indices [weekly urea (Kt/V) and creatinine clearance (TCCr)] were calculated in the dialysis group. RESULTS: Interventricular septal thickness, left ventricular (LV) posterior wall thickness, LV mass index (LVMI), and LV end systolic and diastolic dimensions were all found to be significantly higher in the CAPD group compared to the control subjects (p < 0.01). Ejection fraction and fractional shortening of the LV were not significantly different between the two groups. Mean Kt/V was 2.02 +/- 0.71 and mean TCCr was 58 +/- 33 L/wk/1.73 m2. There were significant negative correlations between dialysis adequacy indices and LV end systolic and diastolic dimensions (p < 0.05 and p < 0.001). Ejection fraction and fractional shortening were positively correlated with Kt/V (p < 0.01). Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were positively correlated with LVMI (r= 0.501 and r = 0.523). Significant inverse correlations between mean arterial pressure and both Kt/V and TCCr (r = -0.555 and r = -0.520) were detected. CONCLUSION: These data clearly document that cardiac structure and function are remarkably influenced by the uremic state and dialysis therapy in pediatric CAPD patients. The close relationships between echocardiographic findings and dialysis adequacy indices suggest that adequate dialysis has a beneficial effect on cardiac function via effective removal of toxic substances.
Authors:
S A Bakkaloğlu; M Ekim; G Koçak; S Atalay; N Tümer
Related Documents :
17643534 - Pulmonary artery pressure and diastolic dysfunction in normal left ventricular systolic...
10536664 - Afterload induced changes in myocardial relaxation: a mechanism for diastolic dysfunction.
9796894 - Repeatability of automatic left ventricular cavity volume measurements from myocardial ...
3723794 - Asymptomatic severe aortic regurgitation in the young. hemodynamic and angiographic dat...
6390314 - Childhood hypertension: etiology, diagnosis, and treatment.
21258484 - Analysis of pressure, angle and temporal effects on tissue optical properties from 
p...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Peritoneal dialysis international : journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0896-8608     ISO Abbreviation:  Perit Dial Int     Publication Date:    2001 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-10-05     Completed Date:  2002-02-21     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904033     Medline TA:  Perit Dial Int     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  395-400     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Turkey. sevcan@med.gazi.edu.tr
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Blood Pressure
Child
Creatinine / metabolism
Cross-Sectional Studies
Echocardiography
Female
Humans
Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / etiology,  ultrasonography
Kidney Failure, Chronic / physiopathology,  therapy,  ultrasonography
Male
Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory*
Stroke Volume
Urea / metabolism
Ventricular Function, Left*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
57-13-6/Urea; 60-27-5/Creatinine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Peritoneal dialysis for management of pediatric acute renal failure.
Next Document:  Pediatric peritoneal dialysis training: characteristics and impact on peritonitis rates.