Document Detail

Impact and characteristics of positive and fearful emotional messages during infant social referencing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20116107     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Studies of infant social referencing have indicated that infants might be more influenced by vocal information contained in emotional messages than by facial expression, especially during fearful message conditions. The present study investigated the characteristics of emotional channels that parents used during social referencing, and corresponding infants' behavioral changes. Results of Study 1 indicated that parents used more vocal information during positive message conditions. Unlike previous findings, infants' behavioral change was related to the frequency of vocal information during positive condition. For fearful messages, infants were more influenced by the number of multi-modal channels used and the frequency of visual information. Study 2 further showed that the intensity of vocal tone was related to infant regulation only during positive message conditions. The results imply that understanding of social context is important to make sense of parent-infant's emotional interaction.
Geunyoung Kim; Tedra A Walden; Linda J Knieps
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2010-01-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infant behavior & development     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1934-8800     ISO Abbreviation:  Infant Behav Dev     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-24     Completed Date:  2010-06-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806016     Medline TA:  Infant Behav Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  189-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Hallym University, Gangwon-Do 200-702, Republic of Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Facial Expression
Father-Child Relations
Infant Behavior*
Mother-Child Relations
Parent-Child Relations*
Social Perception*
Speech Perception*
Visual Perception*
Grant Support

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