Document Detail

Impact of bvdv infection of white-tailed deer during second and third trimesters of pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22740542     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
While it has been demonstrated that persistent bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infections can be established in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) following in utero exposure in the first trimester of gestation, there is little to no information regarding the outcome of infection in later stages of pregnancy in deer. Our goal was to observe the impact of infection of white-tailed deer in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Five white-tailed deer in the second trimester of pregnancy and four in the third trimester were infected with a BVDV type 2 virus previously isolated from a BVDV-infected deer harvested from the wild. Infection of deer in the second trimester of pregnancy resulted in loss of the pregnancy in three of five deer. Fawns born to the two remaining deer appeared normal and were born BVDV antigen-negative with neutralizing serum antibodies against BVDV. Infection of does in the third trimester of pregnancy did not result in fetal death or persistent infection and all does gave birth to live, healthy fawns that were BVDV antigen-negative and born with antibodies against BVDV. These results, combined with those previously reported regarding BVDV infection in the first trimester of pregnancy, suggest that the impact of BVDV infection of pregnant white-tailed deer is very similar to that observed in pregnant cattle.
Julia F Ridpath; John D Neill; Christopher C L Chase
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of wildlife diseases     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1943-3700     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Wildl. Dis.     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0244160     Medline TA:  J Wildl Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  758-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Ruminant Diseases and Immunology Research Unit, National Animal Disease Center, USDA Agricultural Research Service, 1920 Dayton Avenue, PO Box 70, Ames, Iowa 50010, USA.
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