Document Detail


Impact of attenuation correction on the accuracy of FDG-PET in patients with abdominal tumors: a free-response ROC analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11007519     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to evaluate image quality and lesion detectability with and without attenuation correction in patients with abdominal tumors, using a free-response receiver operating characteristic (FROC) methodology. Thirty-four patients with various abdominal tumors were evaluated (11 men, 23 women, median age 48 years). Whole-body emission scans were performed 68 min (35-102 min) after intravenous injection of 4.3 MBq/kg fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). Images were reconstructed using the OS-EM algorithm and corrected for attenuation either using postinjection singles transmission (n=27) or by calculation and body outline (n=7). Total scan duration did not exceed 70 min. Studies were read independently by four observers unaware of any clinical data. The uncorrected (UC) images were systematically read before the attenuation-corrected (AC) images. All studies were given an image quality score ranging from 1 (unreadable) to 5 (excellent). Each focus of increased activity was then localized and given a probability of malignancy using a five-point scale. The average image quality score was similar for both UC and AC images. At the time of the positron emission tomography (PET) scans, 127 lesions (63 liver metastases, 9 retroperitoneal lesions, 50 peritoneal or bowel lesions, and 5 pancreatic carcinomas) were revealed by pathological or correlative studies. The areas under the FROC curves were consistently greater for AC images (range 0.8663-0.8867) than for UC images (range 0.7774 -0.8613). Overall, the difference between the AC images and the UC images was significant (P=0.019). In particular, correction for attenuation increased the sensitivity regardless of the location of the lesions. In conclusion, correction for attenuation significantly improves the diagnostic accuracy of FDG-PET for abdominal staging of neoplasms, without impairing the image quality.
Authors:
R Hustinx; R J Dolin; F Bénard; A Bhatnagar; D Chakraborty; R J Smith; S Jang; A Alavi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of nuclear medicine     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0340-6997     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Nucl Med     Publication Date:  2000 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-11     Completed Date:  2001-01-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7606882     Medline TA:  Eur J Nucl Med     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1365-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abdominal Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging*
Female
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 / diagnostic use*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Tomography, Emission-Computed*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
63503-12-8/Fluorodeoxyglucose F18

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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