Document Detail

Impact of atrial fibrillation on the voltage of bipolar signals acquired from the left and right atria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12715847     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A detailed analysis of the impact of atrial fibrillation (AF) on the voltage of the atrial signals acquired from various right and left atrial regions has not been reported. Thirteen patients (mean age 55 +/- 11 years, range 39-67 years, 5 women) with AF were included in this study. Mapping of the left and the right atrium was performed with 64-electrode basket catheters. AF cycle lengths were calculated over 10-second time intervals using a custom-made software. Voltage of the bipolar signals during AF was calculated by measuring the amplitudes of 30 consecutive signals in the left and the right atria. During sinus rhythm voltage differences between the left (3 +/- 2.9 mV) and the right atrium (2.8 +/- 2.4 mV, P = 0.15) were insignificant. During AF, as compared to sinus rhythm, voltages of the bipolar signals were significantly reduced in the left (0.9 +/- 0.6 mV) and the right (1.3 +/- 1.1 mV) atria (P < 0.001 compared with sinus rhythm). In the left atrium, the posterior wall showed the most pronounced voltage reduction (1.1 +/- 0.8 mV vs 5.3 +/- 4.6 mV, P < 0.001). In the right atrium the septal wall showed the greatest reduction in voltage amplitude (0.8 +/- 0.6 mV vs 2.5 +/- 1.5 mV, P < 0.001). There was a close correlation between the voltage values and the AF cycle length. The smallest voltage values and greatest amplitude reductions were observed during faster and more disorganized AF activity. It is concluded that during AF, the voltage of bipolar signals is significantly reduced as compared to sinus rhythm. The reduction in voltage expresses atrial and regional disparity and correlates strongly with local AF cycle lengths and the degree of AF disorganization.
Gjin Ndrepepa; Michael A E Schneider; Martin R Karch; Stefan Weber; Jürgen Schreieck; Bernhard Zrenner; Claus Schmitt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0147-8389     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2003 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-04-28     Completed Date:  2003-08-05     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  862-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Deutsches Herzzentrum München, Munich, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Atrial Fibrillation / physiopathology*,  therapy
Defibrillators, Implantable
Heart Catheterization
Heart Conduction System / physiopathology*
Middle Aged
Statistics, Nonparametric

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