Document Detail


Impact of age and cognitive demand on lane choice and changing under actual highway conditions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23333319     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Previous research suggests that drivers change lanes less frequently during periods of heightened cognitive load. However, lane changing behavior of different age groups under varying levels of cognitive demand is not well understood. The majority of studies which have evaluated lane changing behavior under cognitive workload have been conducted in driving simulators. Consequently, it is unclear if the patterns observed in these simulation studies carry over to actual driving. This paper evaluates data from an on-road study to determine the effects of age and cognitive demand on lane choice and lane changing behavior. Three age groups (20-29, 40-49, and 60-69) were monitored in an instrumented vehicle. The 40's age group had 147% higher odds of exhibiting a lane change than the 60's group. In addition, drivers in their 60's were less likely to drive on the leftmost lane compared to drivers in their 20's and 40's. These results could be interpreted as evidence that older adults adopt a more conservative driving style as reflected in being less likely to choose the leftmost lane than the younger groups and less likely to change lanes than drivers in their 40's. Regardless of demand level, cognitive workload reduced the frequency of lane changes for all age groups. This suggests that in general drivers of all ages attempt to regulate their behavior in a risk reducing direction when under added cognitive demand. The extent to which such self-regulation fully compensates for the impact of added cognitive demand remains an open question.
Authors:
Bryan Reimer; Birsen Donmez; Martin Lavallière; Bruce Mehler; Joseph F Coughlin; Normand Teasdale
Related Documents :
24123369 - Cmr reference values for left ventricular volumes, mass, and ejection fraction using co...
23351409 - Evidence that cranberry juice may improve augmentation index in overweight men.
23225279 - A study of bone mineral density and prevalence of osteoporosis in chinese people of han...
303369 - Immunological status of aged subjects with reference to serological evidence of autoimm...
23278139 - Does wearing dentures change sensory nerve responses under the denture base?
23056809 - The effect of traditional remedies (camel's thorn, flixweed and sugar water) on idiopat...
12879429 - Hla system affects the age-at-onset in chronic myeloid leukemia.
23231759 - Embrittlement phenomenon of ag core mp35n cable as lead conductor in medical device.
1449769 - Leber hereditary optic neuropathy in australia.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  52C     ISSN:  1879-2057     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  125-132     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
MIT AgeLab & New England University Transportation Center, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, E40-279 Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. Electronic address: reimer@mit.edu.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Cell Differentiation to "Mating Bodies" Induced by an Integrating and Conjugative Element in Free-Li...
Next Document:  Development of a robust mapping between AIS 2+ and ICD-9 injury codes.