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The Impact of Thromboemboli Histology on the Performance of a Mechanical Thrombectomy Device.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22207297     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Recently we published a novel method of thrombus preparation for use in a swine model for evaluation of thrombectomy designs. The clot (fibrin rich clot) is characterized by its similarity in histologic characteristics to the thromboemboli recovered from stroke patients. The purpose of this latest study was to evaluate if the performance of a mechanical thrombectomy device was affected by the histologic characteristics of thromboembolus. Erythrocyte rich clot, which was created using exogenous thrombin, and the novel experimental clot with abundance of fibrin/cellular component were used for comparison. The Merci clot retriever was used for the evaluation and the angiographic outcomes were analyzed.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Two histologically different types of experimental clot, a conventionally used thrombin-induced clot (erythrocyte-rich clot) and a novel experimental clot that is similar in histologic characteristics to the thromboemboli recovered from patients with stroke (fibrin-rich clot), were prepared. Eight extracranial arteries in swine were occluded with erythrocyte-rich clot (group A), and 8 were occluded with fibrin-rich clot (group B), and MT by using the Merci clot retriever device was performed. Angiographic results in each group were evaluated.RESULTS:A total of 48 attempts at MT were made. The average number of attempts to achieve TIMI grade II or III recanalization was 2.75 times in group A and 4.5 times in group B (P < .001), respectively. The mean time to achieve recanalization was 15.5 minutes in group A and 81.5 minutes in group B (P < .01). Every vessel in group A showed recanalization (100%), whereas only 3 of 8 samples (37.5%) achieved recanalization in group B.CONCLUSIONS:In this model, arteries occluded by fibrin-rich clot demonstrated a significantly lower recanalization rate, lower final TIMI score, and a longer mean recanalization time than did arteries occluded by erythrocyte-rich clot. The angiographic outcome of MT by using the Merci clot retriever system was influenced by the histologic characteristics of the occluding thromboembolus.
I Yuki; I Kan; H V Vinters; R H Kim; A Golshan; F A Vinuela; J W Sayre; Y Murayama; F Vinuela
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1936-959X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003708     Medline TA:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, Department of Radiological Sciences, and Section of Neuropathology and Departments of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California; Department of Biostatistics, UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California; and Department of the Neurosurgery, Jikei University of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
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