Document Detail


The Impact of Substance Use, Sexual Trauma, and Intimate Partner Violence on Sexual Risk Intervention Outcomes in Couples: A Randomized Trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23208648     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Few HIV prevention interventions focus on sexual risk reduction as mutual process determined by couple members, though risk behaviors are inter-dependent. PURPOSE: This trial examined the impact of substance use, history of sexual trauma, and intimate partner violence on sexual risk associated with participation in a risk reduction intervention. METHODS: HIV seroconcordant and serodiscordant multicultural couples in Miami, Florida (n = 216) were randomized to group (n = 112) or individual (n = 104) couple-based interventions. RESULTS: Group intervention participants increased condom use in couples in which women had a history of sexual trauma [F(2,221) = 3.39, p = 0.036] and by partners of alcohol users. History of sexual trauma was a determinant of conflict resolution, predicting negative communication and intimate partner violence. CONCLUSIONS: Results emphasize the need for group sexual risk reduction interventions targeting sexual trauma, partner violence, and substance use among HIV seroconcordant and serodiscordant couples.
Authors:
Deborah L Jones; Deborah Kashy; Olga M Villar-Loubet; Ryan Cook; Stephen M Weiss
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-4796     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Behav Med     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510246     Medline TA:  Ann Behav Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1400 NW 10th Avenue, #404 (D-80), Miami, FL, 33136, USA, djones@med.miami.edu.
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