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Impact of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass versus sleeve gastrectomy on vitamin D metabolism: short-term results from a prospective randomized clinical trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24196556     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To assess postoperative outcomes of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) versus Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Short-term results on vitamin D and parathormone (PTH) metabolism are reported.
METHODS: One hundred patients were randomly assigned to RYGB (n = 45) or SG (n = 55). Vitamin D, PTH, and calcium were assessed at inclusion and after 1, 3, 6, and 12 months (M1, M3, M6, and M12). Eighty-eight patients completed 1-year follow-up.
RESULTS: Mean postoperative excess weight loss (%EWL) at M1, M3, M6, and M12 was 25.39, 43.47, 63.75, and 80.38 % versus 25.25, 51.32, 64.67, and 82.97 % in RYGB and SG, respectively. Vitamin D values were statistically significantly higher after SG compared to RYGB at M3 (61.57 pmol/L, standard deviation [SD] 14.29 vs. 54.81 SD 7.65; p = 0.01) and M12 (59.83 pmol/L, SD 6.41 vs. 56.15 SD 8.18; p = 0.02). Vitamin D deficiency rate decreased from 84.62 to 35 % at M6 (p = 0.04) and 48 % at M12 (p = 0.01) in the SG group, while there was no significant improvement in the RYGB group. Serum parathyroid hormone (sPTH) level was decreased significantly in the SG group by M3 (44.8 ng/L vs. 28.6; p = 0.03), M6 (44.9 ng/L vs. 25.8; p = 0.017), and M12 (41.4 ng/L vs. 20.5; p = 0.017). Secondary hyperparathyroidism rate was 20.83 and 24 % at M1 (p = 1), 16.67 and 8 % at M3 (p = 0.41), 14.29 and 0 % at M6 (p = 0.08), and 15 and 0 % at M12 (p = 0.23) in the RYGB and SG groups, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients after RYGB had a significantly higher postoperative vitamin D deficiency and higher sPTH levels than after SG.
Authors:
Michel Vix; Keng-Hao Liu; Michele Diana; Antonio D'Urso; Didier Mutter; Jacques Marescaux
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-11-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgical endoscopy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-2218     ISO Abbreviation:  Surg Endosc     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-11-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8806653     Medline TA:  Surg Endosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of General, Digestive, and Endocrine Surgery, IRCAD-IHU, University of Strasbourg, 1, Place de l'Hôpital, 67091, Strasbourg Cedex, France.
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