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Impact of Pulmonary Artery Stiffness on Right Ventricular Function and Tricuspid Regurgitation after Successful Percutaneous Balloon Mitral Valvuloplasty: The Importance of Early Intervention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22897621     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aims: We assessed impact of pulmonary artery stiffness (PAS) on the long-term right ventricular (RV) function and tricuspid regurgitation (TR) changes after percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV). Methods and Results: Using Doppler echocardiography, PAS was calculated by dividing maximal frequency shift of pulmonary flow by the acceleration time, and mitral area, RV function, and degree of TR severity were evaluated before, immediately after, 6 months, and 12 months after successful PBMV in 81 consecutive patients. Compared with control subjects patients with mitral stenosis (MS) had significant higher PAS (P < 0.001). The PAS was significantly lower in patients with progressive RV function improvement and regression of TR (P < 0.001). PAS was significantly correlated with the degree of pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), and E/E'm ratio (P < 0.0001, <0.0001, and < 0.001, respectively). Multivariate regression analysis showed that the PAS is an independent predictor of TR regression and sustained RV functional improvement after successful PBMV (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: The changes in RV function and TR after successful PBMV were significantly correlated with the degree of PAS. Despite a sustained increase in mitral valve area, some patients showed no regression of TR, and progressive RV dysfunction suggests a significant role of PAS on RV function and the degree of TR regression in patients with MS suggests that PBMV must be performed early, utilizing PAS as a noninvasive parameter for proper timing for PBMV.
Authors:
Ragab A Mahfouz
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  Echocardiography     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Cardiology Department, Zagazig University Hospital, Zagazig, Egypt.
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