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Impact of Pre-Storage and Bedside Filtered Leukocyte-Depleted Blood Transfusions on Infective Morbidity after Colorectal Resection: A Single-Center Analysis of 437 Patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23859683     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Background: Leukocyte-depleted blood transfusions were introduced to reduce transfusion-associated immunomodulation, but the clinical effects of different types of leukocyte depletion have been analyzed rarely. The aim of this survey was to analyze the clinical impact of pre-storage leukocyte-depleted blood transfusions (considered as pre-storage or bedside-filtered) on post-operative complications in patients undergoing elective or urgent colorectal resection. Methods: Data were collected retrospectively from the medical records of 437 consecutive patients who underwent colorectal resection from 2005 to 2010. All patients requiring transfusion received pre-storage or bedside-filtered leukocyte-depleted red blood cell concentrates according to availability at the blood bank. The outcomes were measured by the analysis of post-operative morbidity in patients receiving the different types of transfusions or having other potentially predictive risk factors. Results: The overall morbidity rate, infective morbidity rate, and non-infective morbidity rate were, respectively, 35.6%, 28.1%, and 21.0%. Two hundred five patients (46.9%) received peri-operative transfusions. On multivariable analysis, leukocyte-depleted transfusion (odds ratio [OR] 3.33; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.14-5.20; p<0.001) and both pre-storage (OR 2.82; 95% CI 1.73-4.59; p<0.001) and bedside-filtered (OR 4.69; 95% CI 2.54-8.67; p<0.001) transfusions were independent factors for post-operative morbidity. Prolonged operation (p=0.035), American Society of Anesthesiologists score≥3 points (p=0.023), diagnosis of cancer rather than benign disease (p=0.022), and urgent operation (p=0.020) were other independent predictors of post-operative complications. Patients transfused with bedside-filtered blood showed significantly higher rates of infective complications (51.4% vs. 31.8%; p=0.006), but not non-infectious complications (35.7% vs. 32.6; p=0.654) than patients who received pre-storage transfusions. Conclusions: Leukocyte-depleted blood transfusions and, in particular, bedside-filtered blood have a significant negative effect on infectious complications after colorectal resection.
Authors:
Mattia Garancini; Luca Degrate; Maria Rosaria Carpinelli; Matteo Maternini; Fabio Uggeri; Laura Giordano; Franco Uggeri; Fabrizio Romano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-7-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgical infections     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1557-8674     ISO Abbreviation:  Surg Infect (Larchmt)     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-7-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815642     Medline TA:  Surg Infect (Larchmt)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1 Department of General Surgery, San Gerardo Hospital, University of Milano-Bicocca , Monza (MB), Italy .
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