Document Detail


The Impact of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate in a Veteran Population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23371434     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hyperarousal is a hallmark of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD has been associated with increased blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) in veteran populations. We retrospectively identified male patients consulted to outpatient psychiatry at the Iowa City Veterans Affairs Healthcare System. Patients were divided into PTSD (n = 88) and non-PTSD (n = 98) groups. All PTSD patients and a subset of non-PTSD patients had documented blast exposure during service. The study investigated whether patients with PTSD had higher systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and heart rate (HR) than patients without PTSD. The effect of trauma exposure on BP was also examined. Mean SBP (133.8 vs. 122.3 mm Hg; p < .001), DBP (87.6 vs. 78.6 mm Hg; p < .001), and HR (78.9 vs. 73.1 bpm; p < .001) were all significantly higher in the PTSD group. Trauma-exposed patients without PTSD had significantly higher BP than nonexposed patients. The prevalence of hypertension (HTN) was 34.1% (diagnosed and undiagnosed) among PTSD patients. Patients with PTSD had higher BP and HR compared to patients without PTSD. Trauma exposure may increase BP in this population. These findings will increase awareness about the cardiovascular implications of PTSD.
Authors:
Eric J Paulus; Tami R Argo; Jason A Egge
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of traumatic stress     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-6598     ISO Abbreviation:  J Trauma Stress     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809259     Medline TA:  J Trauma Stress     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies.
Affiliation:
Advocate Medical Group, Clinical Pharmacy Department, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
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