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The Impact of Plaque Characterization Assessed by Intravascular Ultrasound on Myocardial Perfusion After Primary Angioplasty in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21836367     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Previous studies described that inadequate tissue perfusion after primary angioplasty in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients is associated with adverse cardiac events. This study evaluated whether plaque morphological intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) characteristics affects tissue perfusion after stent implantation in STEMI patients. Methods and Results: A total of consecutive 306 STEMI patients who underwent primary angioplasty with IVUS were analyzed. Maximum ST-segment elevation before angioplasty was compared with ST-segment levels 60min after angioplasty. Percent ST-segment resolution (STR) was calculated and categorized as complete (>70%), partial (30-70%), and absent (<30%). Qualitative and quantitative IVUS analyses were performed using standard methods. Plaque with ultrasound attenuation was defined as IVUS finding with backward signal attenuation behind plaque >180° without dense calcium. One-hundred-fifty patients had complete, 101 had partial, and 55 had absent STR. The incidence of in-hospital death tended to be higher in absent STR than in partial and complete STR groups. Multivariate analysis indicated that remodeling index (P=0.004), the presence of ultrasound attenuation (P=0.02), percentage stent expansion (P=0.03), and the presence of deep calcium (P=0.049) were the independent predictors related to the occurrence of absent STR after angioplasty. Conclusions: Positive vessel remodeling, plaque with ultrasound attenuation >180°, deep calcium, and stent overexpansion as assessed by IVUS are associated with the absence of STR after primary angioplasty in patients with STEMI.
Authors:
Tsuyoshi Nakata; Kenichi Fujii; Masashi Fukunaga; Daizo Kawasaki; Masaaki Kawabata-Lee; Motomaru Masutani; Mitsumasa Ohyanagi; Tohru Masuyama
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1347-4820     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137683     Medline TA:  Circ J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Cardiovascular Division, Hyogo College of Medicine.
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