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Impact Of Lifestyle On The Gut Microbiota Of Healthy Infants And Their Mothers - The Aladdin Birth Cohort.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25290507     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An anthroposophic lifestyle, which has been associated with reduced allergy risk in children, has several characteristics that could influence gut microbiota. This study aimed to investigate the impact of anthroposophic lifestyle as well as specific early life exposures, on the gut microbiota. In total, 665 stool samples from 128 mother-child pairs from the ALADDIN birth cohort study were included. Samples collected from infants at ages six days, three weeks, two months and six months and from their mothers before and after delivery, respectively, were analyzed using 454-pyrosequencing. Information regarding lifestyle exposures was collected prospectively through interviews and questionnaires. Six month-old infants in anthroposophic families had a significantly higher abundance of Bifidobacterium and lower abundances of Bacteroides and Veillonella. Caesarean section and breastfeeding had a significant impact on the microbiota whereby caesarean section was primarily associated with delayed colonization of Bifidobacterium and Bacteroides, whereas breastfed children had a higher relative abundance of Bifidobacterium and a lower abundance of Clostridiales. However, despite large differences in lifestyle exposures, we determined no significant differences in the gut microbiota between the anthroposophic and non-anthroposophic mothers or their infants' before six months of age. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Authors:
Helena Marell Hesla; Fredrik Stenius; Lotta Jäderlund; Ronald Nelson; Lars Engstrand; Johan Alm; Johan Dicksved
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  FEMS microbiology ecology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1574-6941     ISO Abbreviation:  FEMS Microbiol. Ecol.     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-10-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-10-8    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8901229     Medline TA:  FEMS Microbiol Ecol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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